ECIPE said in 2014 that the TPP would be “the first `competing` economic integration large enough to have a considerable negative impact on Europe. In the long term, negative effects will be dynamic effects, for example. B on investment, productivity and competitiveness.  Pascal Lamy called the TPP “the last of the great old-style trade agreements.” :2 Donald Trump criticized the TPP deal as too long and complicated and said, “[i]t is 5600 pages, so complex that no one has read it.”  Senator Bernie Sanders criticized that the “TPP is much more than a `free trade agreement.`”  The EU is trying to conclude trade agreements with any TPP country: discussions have been ongoing since 2013 for an EU-Japan free trade agreement, and in 2015 the EU presented its new strategy for improving trade in the Asia-Pacific entitled “Trade for All”.  On January 25, 2018, the United States became. .