· The two countries also commit to extending the non-discriminatory scope of the agreement to sub-central units and will cooperate with their respective states and territories in the coming weeks to refine the scope of this coverage. On March 3, 2004, the USTR released draft free trade agreements between the United States and Australia. · In most cases, U.S. investors have the right to create, acquire and operate investments in Australia on an equal footing with local investors and investors from other countries. Economic theory suggests that bilateral agreements such as the free trade agreement lead to the creation of trade between the parties directly concerned, but also to divert trade out of third countries and offset all the benefits. Bilateral agreements can also undermine multilateral agreements related to the World Trade Organization. Partly because of these factors, the estimates of benefits produced by the ICE and used by the government have been challenged by most economists who have engaged in Senate committees that have looked at the issue, some of whom have concluded that the agreement would reduce Australia`s economic well-being. According to the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the trade imbalance between the United States and Australia increased significantly in 2007. The United States has become Australia`s largest source of imports, with more than AUD 31 billion in goods and services. However, Australia`s exports to the United States reached only $15.8 billion.  The real benefits of the agreement are not clear. · The United States and Australia will work together on other e-commerce issues, including mutual recognition of digital certificates used for electronic transactions, with the government of the other country (for example.
B in the area of public procurement). · Establishes strict anti-circumvention rules to prohibit any manipulation of technologies (such as embedded codes on discs) to prevent hacking and unauthorized dissemination on the internet. Section 10 of the Free Trade Agreement gives clear meaning to the term “cross-border trade in services” and provides suppliers with an open environment for business. It requires each country to insert national or treatment by the most advantaged countries to the other`s service providers and prohibits numerous restrictions on market access and transfers. The free trade agreement was ratified by the United States Congress with the passage of the United States-Australia Free Trade Agreement Act. On July 15, 2004, passed by the House of Representatives by 314 votes to 109, on July 15, 2004 by the Senate by 80 votes to 16 and President George W.